Pakistan Objectives in Kargil
intrusion deep inside the Indian territory in Drass-Batalik
not a reaction by hawks in the army to sabotage the so-called
process initiated at Lahore. Pakistan staked so much and had been
logistics into action atleast and from the middle of 1998. What did
gain from this misadventures? Did it not anticipate the global
and the domestic humiliation in embarking upon this aggression?
Pakistan Prime Minister had even punished General Jehangir
not agreeing to the adventure. What were the core objectives
wanted to accomplish through this action.?
Urdu weekly published from Lahore describes Kargil aggression as
brainchild of Lt. Gen. Azizuddin. Since 1984, when India defeated
gameplan to annex Siachen, Pakistan has never been at ease. In May
serious conflict took place between India and Pakistan on the
Gen. Azizuddin, then Brigadier was put in charge of a Brigade in
PoK in 1985.
He surveyed the entire area and drew a preliminary plan for
Siachen. General Zia-ul-Haque had already put OPERATION TOPAC in
Meanwhile,Gen. Azizuddin was recalled back to the headquarters at
In 1994 he was promoted and sent back to PoK as head of the
Command. It was during this tenure that he drew the final gameplan
India’s position in Siachen area vulnerable. In 1998 he became
Major-General. After 1998 nuke tests, conducted by both countries.
Pakistan-Army leadership concluded in case Siachen annexation plan was put
India cannot retaliate through a full scale war.
selection of General Pervez Mushraff and putting Lt. General Azizuddin
of Kashmir Operation is significant. Both are rabid
fundamentalists and known for anti-India hate. General Azizuddin was the
architect of Siachen annexation plan with vast experience of serving
in PoK. It
was he who developed, nurtured and implemented the Taliban’s war
docrine in Afghanistan. Gen. Mushraff and Azizuddin have spent
career working with one Mujahideen group or the other during
the last two
Pakistan had been probing Indian defences in Kargil and building
infrastructure for subversion. It began enticing border youth in
Kargil-Turtuk area since 1994 by cultivating one Ibrahim of Turkuk.
and infiltration of terrorists had been going on since 1992 in
In 1992, reports appearing in Tribune and Quami Azad spoke
existence of a fundamentalist group, which was creating an
atmosphere. This group, receivng foreign funds was also engaged
youth across for training. Cashing this situation, Pakistan tried
to build a
support structure for subversion.
Pakistan was seriously engaged in pursuing Gen-Azizuddin’s gameplan is
the sabotage activities, which took place in this sector
On Sept. 30, 1997 Pakistan pounded Kargil leading to many losses.
there was a major flare-up. In April 1998 ISI-trained
put IEDs on Drass road. Army lost some vehicles and few Army
were also killed. In this incident links of some local politicians
infiltrators were suspected.
September 1998 attacks on Indian posts in Siachen have been taking
regularly. Only a week after Lahore talks Indian positions were
Siachen. During Kargil war and recently on 11th August Pakistan
full scale attacks in Siachen area.
couple of months after being appointed during visit to Siachen
are not talking of winning the war, we are taking of the degree of
you can create for the other".
definite envidence that Pakistan’s basic objective in Kargil
was to threaten Siachen by cutting off Indian garrisons at Turtuk
before launching an all-out attack on Siachen. It wanted
into Indus-Valley through Batalik and Chorbatla and then enter
valley to recapture 254 sq miles of Turtuk and its adjoining five
Plan was link Kargil with Siachen. After Jhelum and Chenab-Valley,
aim is to dominate Indus-Valley.
Mushraff’s elevation was linked with Kargil plan. He had served in the
Corpos twice. Mushrraf had stint in Siachen and had remained DG
by Pakisan army officers and the Foreign Minister also point to a
to grab Siachen. Tahir Mehmood, a brigade commander operating in
Nawa-ie-Waqt that aim was to isolate Ladakh and destroy India’s
control in Siachen area. Lt. Col. Muhammad Nawaz, who commanded a
Shingo sector along LoC told Dauid Orr of the Times that
Kargil intrusion was to starve Indian forces on Siachen of
Gen. Hamid Gul (retd) former ISI chief said if Pakistan could hold
for two months, India would lose hold over Siachen. General Aslam
Army chief also agreed that purpose was to sever line of
communications and supplies to troops in Siachen. The Pakistan Foreign
told the visiting US mediator Gen. Zinni that respect for LoC means
withdraw from Siachen.
objective for Pakistan was to tie down Indian security forces along
the LoC in
order to defuse the intensity of anti-militant drives in
and then stepping up miliant strikes in interior area, picking up
as well as convoys of security forces. After the end of Kargil
valley in particular has seen regular and dare-devil attacks on
stations, and army camps.
objective of Pak ISI is to bleed Indian military and state
hundred cuts. It implies forcing dispersal of Indian secuity forces
wides possible area. Pakistan through Kargil aggression has
India to have Siachen type (Siachenisation) security for
sector also.This imposes an additional financial burden of Rs
four to five
thousand croes. ISI gameplan is to raise economic, political
costs for India in the proxy war. So for India has been
from a defensive mode.
Kargil operations, may have been a part of Pakistan’s ‘riposte
It involves making thrusts through narrow corridors, advancing
Indian territory and bargaining afterwards. Pakistan wanted to
Kargil and thereby to strengthen her position for talks with India
stage ultimately came. Then she would stake claim over Doda, Rajouri
Paksitan belives that ultimate solution would be around LoC, so
trying to question the validity of LoC politically and
cartographically. Its aggression was also aimed at shifting the alignemnt of
east into Indian territory. During Kargil war, Pakistan Foreign
oficials repeatedly said that LoC was not properly demarcated. As
part of the
‘riposte doctrine’ Pakistan made attacks on Nikkial (Poonch)
Uri, Gurez, Kupwara, RS Pura capturing lateral valleys also
that Pakistan’s proxy war has been upgraded.
anti-India conspiracy was also behind the intrusions. Big powers
bringing India under NPT regime wanted Kargil to escalate into a
flashpoint thus forcing India into an acquiscense to a treaty
Pakistan and its western collaborators was to internationalise
dispute against the backdrop of a nuclear region after tactical
been made in Kargil sector. The statement of Pakistan’s Foreign
Shamshad Ahmed that "we will not hesitate to use any weapon in
to defend our territorial integrity," was sheer blackmail.
brandishing of Kashmir as a nuclear flashpoint guaranteed to US a
would not surrender Pakistan linked time bound talks on Kashmir
withdrawal from Kargil.
also using intrusion as a probing exercise to assess the
for Indian military and national response. It wanted to see at
India will cross LoC and launch full scale war. Mr Brijesh Mishra
advisor to the Prime Minister on National Security said, "in Kargil a
situation has arisen where our capabilities are being tested." In Kargil
there was a
firm reply by India that it will not tolerate any territorial
Pakistan miscalculated the Kargil plan. It did not visualise air
total war with India.
through Kargil plan Pakisfan was trying to put Taliban factor to use
The methodology of the operation mirrored that of Pakistan led
forces in Afghanistan where a 60:40 mix of irregulars and regular
employed with regular army providing leadership element down to
level.General Azizuddin, who conducted Taliban, operations in
his choice as incharge of military operations in Kashmir, needs to be viewed in