Kashmiri Pandits' Association, Mumbai, India


Lalla-Ded Educational and Welfare Trust

  Kashmiri Pandits' Association, Mumbai, India

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October-December 2002 issue

House Boats on Dal Lake in Srinagar

House Boats on Dal Lake in Srinagar. Credit for introducing House Boats in Kashmir goes to Pt. Narain Das, father of Swami Laxman ji.

Table of Contents

Koshur Music

An Introduction to Spoken Kashmiri

  Children's Page

The Sun

  • Distance from Earth: 14,96,00000 Kms.
  • Approx: Diameter: 13,92,000 Kms.
  • Approx: Circumference: 43,73,000 Kms.
  • Mass: 2 billion billion billionTonnes.
  • Mass in terms of Earth: 3,30,000 times
  • Rotation: About 25 days at Equator to 36 days near poles (because of its gaseous composition)
  • Temprature at surface : 55000 C
  • Temprature at core : 15 million0 C
  • Surface gravity : 38 times that of Earth
  • Time for sunlight to reach Earth: 8 Min. 18 Sec.
  • Approximate Age : 4.6 billion years
  • Expected life span : Probably another 5 billion years before it starts to die.
  • Chemical composition :
    • Hydrogen: 92.1 %
    • Helium: 7.8 %
    • Oxygen, Carbon, Nitrogen, Neon: 0.1 %
    The Sun makes a 100 million times more energy than all nine planets together. Yet it is huge fiery ball of gas, composed mostly of hydrogen like other stars. The secret to the Sun's power is a gigantic nuclear reactor buried deep inside its core, where atoms of hydrogen are squeezed together under tremendous pressure to form heavier helium atoms. This example of nuclear fusion turns 5 million ones of matter into energy every second, driving up the temprature in the Sun's core to 1,50,000000 C. Earth receives a billionth of the total energy output of the Sun.

    Noble Etiquettes

    Why do we prostrate before parents and elders ?

    We prostrate to our parents and elders. We touch their feet and they in turn bless us. Why do we offer Prostration ??

    Touching the feet of elders in prostration, is a sign of respect for the age, nobility and divinity that our elders personify. It symbolizes our recognition of their selfless love for us and the sacrifices that they have made for our welfare. It is a way of humbly acknowledging their greatness. This tradition reflects strong family ties which has been one of India's enduring strengths.

    The good wishes and blessings of elders are highly valued. We prostrate to seek them. Good wishes springing from a heart full of love, divinity and nobility have a tremendous strength. When we prostrate with humility and respect, we invoke the good wishes and blessings of elders which flow in the form of positive energy to envelope us.

    Compiled by 'Kóstùr'

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