Indian State is in conflict with its own civilisation
We reproduce here the keynote address delivered
by Prof MK Teng at the convention organised by
Panun Kashmir and NS Kashmiri Research Institute
to commemorate this years Kashmiri Pandit Balidan
Divas (Martyr's Day) at Abhinav Theatre Jammu. The
day was observed as the day of 'Asmita' to
highlight the importance of preservation of
Kashmiri Pandit cultural identity, image and
to the keynote address delivered by Dr. M.K. Teng:
Due to the liberalist moorings of the English
speaking Indian intellectual class, which
flourished with the consolidation of the British
power in India, the Indian historiography followed
a methodology, which in the ultimate analysis
reflected an ideological commitment to liberalist
reformism. The Indian renaissance performed the
most vital task of the assertion of the Sanskrit
identity of India which formed the foreground of
the Indian nationalism . Starchey's definition of
India as a "geographical expression" was basic to
the claim of the legitimacy of the British rule
for the 'geographical expression" negated the
national identity of India and its right to unity.
The Indian intellectual class which directed the
Indian national movement followed Strachey's
negativism for the British and the Muslims in
India, from whom the British had inherited power.
This class visualised India as a special plurality
which could not claim a national unity as the
basis of its independence. Liberal reformism could
not visualise Indian unity as an expression of its
civilisational content. The Muslims and the
Christians, could not accept Sanskrit civilisation
as the basis of their participation in an
independent India. The Indian intellectual class,
under the leadership of Congress set out in search
of a unity in diversity, rejecting the Sanskrit
substratum of the Indian civilisation as the basis
of the Indian nationhood. The Indian emphasis on
unity in diversity, deepened the ethno-centric
conflict in the Indian political culture and when
the British left, the Muslim also joined them to
The time has arrived to re-emphasis the basic
current of the Indian renaissance and redefine the
basis of the Indian identity. India continues to
be visualised as a geographical identity and not
as a national unity based on its own
civilisational content, because, the Indian
intellectual class is still trapped in the
reformism of the British liberal tradition. The
only way, therefore, for India to unite into a
nation, is to of find the roots of its identity.
Key Note Address
Ladies and Gentlemen
I express my gratitude to the chairman N.S.
Kashmir Research Institute and the Chairman Panun
Kashmir for having invited me to deliver the
keynote address of the procedings today.
There is an urgency to rediscover the identity of
the Hindus of Kashmir. In fact there is an urgency
to rediscover the identity of the Hindus in India.
In the liberation struggle of India the Muslim
separatist movement rejected the identity and the
unity of the Indian nation. The rootless
English-speaking intellectual class of India,
which led the Indian movement for liberation,
disowned the Indian renaissance because the
Muslims rejected it.
The British recognised the Muslim claim to a
separate nation. The Indian leaders claimed a
national unity based upon the diversity of India.
In the process both Gandhi and Nehru and the other
leaders of the Indian independence movement
diluted both the unity of the Indian nation as
well as its Sanskrit content.
Jammu and Kashmir is part of the national identity
of India, which is Sanskrit in origin and Sanskrit
in content. India is in the midst of a
civilisational war. The expansion of the Muslim
power to the east will ultimately depend upon the
de-Sanskritisation of the northern frontier of
India, more specifically the warm Himalayan
hinterland, of which Jammu and Kashmir forms the
Committed to the unity and the Sanskrit
foundations of their heritage the Hindus in
Kashmir have always formed the frontline of the
resistance against the Muslim crusade. They fought
against Muslim separatism in India before the
independence of the country. They fought, with
determined resolution, against Pakistan and the
Muslim secessionist movement inside the State,
after freedom came to India.
The Hindus of Kashmir are an ancient people. They
form an inseparable part of the history of the
Sanskrit civilisation of India. The contours of
their identity are determined heritage. Their
social culture is proto-Vedic. Their language has
origin in the proto-vedic. Their ritual culture is
Sanskrit. The Hindus of Kashmir are a part of the
Sanskrit people of India.
The Hindus of Kashmir are of proto-Aryan origin
and have lived in Kashmir from times, which began
with the Bruzahom civilisation between 3500 to
4500 BC, far before the Aryans and presumed to
have invaded India. The skeletons found at
Burzahom in Srinagar are of the people, were the
ancestors of the people who live in northern India
today. I saw the skeletons with my own eyes. I had
no doubt who they were. The anthropometric survey
corroborated the fact that the people, who lived
at Burzahom, were of proto-Aryan origin.
Kashmir and Jammu including Ladakh, perhaps with
the region extending to the Indo-Ganetic plains
formed the part of the Aryan heartland. The truth
must be told and it is better that it is told by
us. The Hindus of Kashmir are no imposters. They
never descended on the Karewas of the
valley from the oblivion of the north. They grew
from the soil of Kashmir and had their birth in
The posterity of the Burzahom Aryans, lived in
Kashmir, through ages down to our own time. The
Nagas and the Pisachas were no aborigines. They
were also people of Sanskrit origin. They were no
more ancient than the Burzahom people. They were
their descendents and inheritors of the Burzahom
culture. Their ritual forms were adopted from the
Vedic Kalpa-Sutra and the Vedic Grah-Sutra. They
followed Vedic Karma-Kanda which Laugaksh Muni
evolved in the first millennium before Christ,
which represented the zenith of the Neelmat era.
The Hindus of Kashmir became an epicenter of the
Sanskrit civilisation of India. To them goes the
credit of evolving the tenents of Shiavite Monism.
Shiavite Monism represented both a theological
doctrine aimed to achieve recognition of a unified
field of universal existence and a philosophical
concept of logical positivism. The recognition of
eternal consciousness, of which universal
existence was an expression, was the greatest gift
of the Hindus of Kashmir to the Sanskrit
civilisation of India. Shiavite monism grew out of
'Advaita in which, time and space vanished with
the end of human consciousness. Shiavite monism
transcended the limitations of human consciousness
and the relativism of time and space.
The Hindus of Kashmir Sanskritised the Himalayas
and a great part of Asia beyond.
Sarvastavadin Budhism filled the Hinyan nihilism
with the immortality of the Budhisatva and the
foundation of its being by the mother goddess
Tara. Sarvastin Budhsim was evolved in
and was spread by the Kashmiri Pandit masters of
Budhism to Tibet, Central Asia, Mongolia and part
of Western China. The Hindus of Kashmir founded a
script for both the Tibetan as well as the
Mongolian language on the basis of linguistic
sociology of Sharda. The Budhist theocracy of
Tibet was founded by Kashmiri Pandits, who reached
Mongolia in the time of the great Chengis Khan.
The Hindus of Kashmir are not a part of the
so-called composite culture of Kashmir. Islamic
Sufism did not represent with cultural and the
spiritual ethos of Kashmir. It represented the
liberal theology of Islam, which did not accept
coexistence of a composite culture. Sufism did not
grow in Kashmir. Kashmir was never an abode of
Rishis of the Sufi order, as is claimed. Lallshari
represented the last resistance to the persecution
and the ethnic extermination which the Hindus were
subjected to in her time.
India is not a geographical expression. It is a
unity of people with a universal civilisational
ethos which has grown through the millennia of the
Indian history. The unity of India is not
synonymous with unity in diversity.
As a matter fact, the emphasis laid on unity in
diversity during the liberation movement in India
led straight to the division of the country.
The propagation of the sub-national diversity of
India was a subtle design to undermine the
Sanskrit foundations of the nation of India. The
creation of Pakistan was the first phase of the
Neither Gandhi nor Nehru resisted the conspiracy.
They failed to realise the fundamental conflict
inherent in the claim to unity in diversity and
what they called the composite culture. Their
acceptance of diversity as a basis of Indian unity
drove them straight to the partition of India and
the creation of the Muslim state of Pakistan.
After the partition, the insistence of the Indian
leaders on the unity in diversity confronted them
with the first phase of the Muslim crusade in
Jammu and Kashmir.
Hidden under the cover of the composite culture of
India is the civilisational conflict, which seeks
the de-Sanskritisation of the northern India to
open the way for the Muslim power to expand
eastward. The attempts to recreate the identity of
Jammu and Kashmir in Sufism, is a subtler plot to
dilute the boundaries and the content of the
Sanskrit civilisation of
From Kashmir the Muslim crusade has spread to
and Ladakh, which form the two major bulwarks of
the Sanskrit civilisation of the Northern India.
Sanskrit Himalayas are impregnable. If the warm
Himalayan hinterland is de-Sanskritised the Muslim
power will spread over the whole of the north of
India. The Indian state will ignore the warning at
its own perils.
Committed to the Sanskrit foundations of their
heritage, the Hindus of Kashmir have formed the
frontline of resistances against the Muslim
crusade. They fought with bare teeth against
Muslim separatism in India before independence.
They fought with determined resolution against
Pakistan and the Muslim secessionist movements
after freedom came to India.
A new phase of struggle has begun for them now.
They must apprise the people of India that the
Indian state does not recognise the civilisational
unity of India. The Indian people must be told
that if the Indian state repudiates the Sanskrit
basis of the Indian society, it will disintegrate.
The state of India which is in conflict with its
civilisation will not survive. The Indian state
will not be able face the Muslim crusade without a