Table of Contents
  About the Author
  About the Book
  Laying the Scene
  Sayyid Sharafu'D-Din
  Mir Ali Hamadani's role ...
  P.N. Bazaz and P.N.Bamzai ...
  Laleshwari - A Shining...
  Trika Paved the Way for Islam
  Kashmir - Not A Tabula Rasa
  Willing and Peaceful ...
  Extra-ideological Methods
  Compromise as Tactics
  Shihab-ud-Din's anti-Hindu ..
  'Sufi-face of Islam' thesis ...
  Sultan Sikandar -  a Cruel ..
  Mir Ali Hamdani's Advice ...
  Return of Sanity
  Na Bhatto Aham -  A Cry ...
  Crusade Re-launched
  Nirmal Kanth - A Pillar ...
  Inter-face Between Hinduism..
  Regeneration of Kashmir ...
  Mughal Annexation at ...
  Learning Not Enough, ...
  Muslims Invite Afghans
  Birbal Dhar and Sikhs
  Loot of 1931
  Loot of Landed Properties
  Loot of a Kashmiri Pandit ...
  Loot and Plunder of 1986
  Nehru's Advice to ...
  Pan-Islamic Design
  Sponsored Terrorism
  Kashmiri Pandits -  soft ...
  JKLF - An Outfit of Killers
  Jammaat-i-lslami - ...
  Afghans Again Invited ...
  Massacre of Kashmiri Pandits
- Part 1 of 3
- Part 2 of 3
- Part 3 of 3
  Loot, Grab and Arson ...
  Destruction and Desecration ...
  Loot and Burning of Books
  Kashmiri Pandits As Migrants
  Conversions as Muslim ...
  Kashmiri Pandits and ...
  Homeland Demand Raised
  Sangrampora Massacre
  References and Notes
  List of Illustrations
  Book in pdf format

Koshur Music

An Introduction to Spoken Kashmiri

Panun Kashmir


Symbol of Unity


Part I: Chapter 1


As is well-known, Sayyid Sharafu'd-Din, popularly known as Bulbul Shah, said to be a Suhrawardi sufi, entered Kashmir during the reign of Suhadev, who granted him full scale freedom to preach and propagate his religious faith and credo. Fed on the fare of broad-mindedness, tolerance and generosity, the Hindu ruler did not think of subjecting him to 'humiliating conditions', which could have inhibited and crippled his movements and religious activities. But, essentially, a proselytiser of Turkish brand, he converted Rinchin, a fugitive tribal prince from Ladakh, to Islam when Dev-Swami, a Shaivite scholar, refused him entry into the fold of Hinduism and through him rose from obscurity to lime-light and saw fruition of his mission for speedy and vigorous propagation of Islam and its precept. Rinchin as the first Muslim ruler generated religious strife and turbulence in the region of Kashmir & resorted to conversions by coercion and by sword. Rinchin not only granted the revenues of certain villages to Bulbul Shah for his maintenance, but also built a Khanqah for him near his palace. He built the first mosque in Kashmir.

"Bulbul Shah, a Muslim proselytiser under persecution in his native land saw the fruition of his plans while admitting Rinchin to the Islamic fold. Toeing the line of suns of all hues, he managed entry into and proximity to the court of a Muslim ruler, who would be instrumental in launching upon the persecutionary campaign against the die-hard Hindus, who, despite the preaching of his Islamic tenets, could not be attracted to Islam. At the behest of Bulbul Shah, Rinchin as the first Muslim ruler of Hindu Kashmir launched upon the vigorous campaign of converting the Hindus of Kashmir", writes Koul.

Records Bamzai, "Suffice it to say that with this first success of his mission, Bulbul Shah acquired great influence in the valley and very soon he effected the conversion of Rinchin's brother-in-law and Commander-in-Chief and several others to his creed."



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World Kashmiri Pandit Conference 1993 Panun Kashmir
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