Table of Contents
  About the Author
  About the Book
  Laying the Scene
  Sayyid Sharafu'D-Din
  Mir Ali Hamadani's role ...
  P.N. Bazaz and P.N.Bamzai ...
  Laleshwari - A Shining...
  Trika Paved the Way for Islam
  Kashmir - Not A Tabula Rasa
  Willing and Peaceful ...
  Extra-ideological Methods
  Compromise as Tactics
  Shihab-ud-Din's anti-Hindu ..
  'Sufi-face of Islam' thesis ...
  Sultan Sikandar -  a Cruel ..
  Mir Ali Hamdani's Advice ...
  Return of Sanity
  Na Bhatto Aham -  A Cry ...
  Crusade Re-launched
  Nirmal Kanth - A Pillar ...
  Inter-face Between Hinduism..
  Regeneration of Kashmir ...
  Mughal Annexation at ...
  Learning Not Enough, ...
  Muslims Invite Afghans
  Birbal Dhar and Sikhs
  Loot of 1931
  Loot of Landed Properties
  Loot of a Kashmiri Pandit ...
  Loot and Plunder of 1986
  Nehru's Advice to ...
  Pan-Islamic Design
  Sponsored Terrorism
  Kashmiri Pandits -  soft ...
  JKLF - An Outfit of Killers
  Jammaat-i-lslami - ...
  Afghans Again Invited ...
  Massacre of Kashmiri Pandits
- Part 1 of 3
- Part 2 of 3
- Part 3 of 3
  Loot, Grab and Arson ...
  Destruction and Desecration ...
  Loot and Burning of Books
  Kashmiri Pandits As Migrants
  Conversions as Muslim ...
  Kashmiri Pandits and ...
  Homeland Demand Raised
  Sangrampora Massacre
  References and Notes
  List of Illustrations
  Book in pdf format

Koshur Music

An Introduction to Spoken Kashmiri

Panun Kashmir


Symbol of Unity


Part I: Chapter 27


The proponents of the horror drama of 1931 in their brazen attempts to justify the macabre happenings presented the thesis of "political and economic oppression of the Muslims by the ruling class and their henchmen". A social democrat keen to carve out a niche for himself in the communally polluted politics of Muslims coined the laboured justification "of the struggle in 1931 being aggressively communal in outward form, but in essence being the struggle of victimised and enslaved people against the despotic rule". To camouflage the vicious role of local Muslim rebids, a researcher in his thesis has shifted the theatre of bigotry and belligerence from Kashmir to the Punjab tracing the motivations of horror drama to the "communal influences" emanating from the Punjabi Muslim dispensations pursuing anti-Hindu pogrom. But the macabre drama that was enacted in Feb. 1986 in the theatre of Anantnag was shocking and flabbergasting and not only flouted, but debunked all strained interpretations that were coined and contrived about July, 1931 communal commotion ignoring the Muslim disposition of perennial lure to loot, murder and arson.

"Despotic rule," "political and economic oppression" and "victimised and enslaved people" as formulaic formulations plucked out from text-books are absolutely lacking in the potential to delineate the pathological Muslim mind that has been in hot chase of Hindu victims and finds satiation and satisfaction only afterperpetrating the atrocities of loot, murder and arson on them. There was no Hindu Maharaja who could be held accused of oppressing and tyrannising the Muslims when 1986-loot was wantonly committed on the Pandits. There were no so-called Hindu landlords who could again be held guilty of blood-sucking and exploiting the Muslim masses when in the same spree of loot Hindu properties were pillaged and put to leaping flames. There were no Pandits even at the lower rungs of government apparatus who could be stigmatised and hatefully cried foul of as representatives of the dehumanised and oppressive state machine. The limpid fact of history is that the governments of varied political formations in the wake of 1947 assiduously devised and pursued the communal plans of marginalising, eliminating and sealing the fate of Pandits in their native land and in the calendar year of 1986 Pandits stood pushed out to the peripheries of political and economic scenario of Kashmir leaving them high and dry, bereft and beleaguered. And yet an atrocious loot was inflicted on them.

The loot, pillage and arson of Feb. 1986 falls into a pattern of several such bouts of loot, plunder and arson littered over the palimpsest of Kashmir history planned and executed by Muslim bigots motivated and stuffed with the loaded lessons of bigotry and prejudice. The loot and arson that was conducted over a vaster area was vengeful, frightening and awesome, cruel and barbarous, wild and ferocious, a scene from a macabre drama, bone chilling and blood curdling. The sweep of the loot was so broad and extensive that the horror and violence of 1931-variety paled into an inconsequential event. The Pandits for no fault of theirs were the butts of target, Pandits not confined to one locality or one habitation, but Pandits inhabiting the entire landscape of District Anantnag were ruthlessly looted, ravaged and arsoned by the Muslim hordes in thick cohorts with the state power. The broad purlieux of the district were converted into a horror chamber of brutal violence, storm and rage. Like asiatic elephants the Muslims breaking loose from their tethers, violent and uproarious, marching in waves upon waves carrying incendiary materials and sharp-edged weapons screaming Jehad cries and death to Pandits went berserk rampaging and destructing houses and temples, sheds and shops, fields and crops.

The Muslim hordes looted and pillaged nearly five hundred Kashmiri Pandit houses and the booty acquired after vengeful loot was either kept or put to sale in open bazars. Fifty houses were burnt to cinders leaving hundreds of hapless Pandit families battered, tattered, shattered and reduced from prosperity to indigence. Women were the main butts of target and were subjected to untold cruelties and the most indecent molestations and assaults and even after the restoration of apparent peace, they fell victims to ambuscade. The stormy waves of looters on rampage in every village or hamlet were brutally clamouring for the loot of young teenage girls. Ten thousand strong horde of Muslims at Lok Bhawan, all locals, bayed for the blood of a young pretty Kashmiri Pandit girl interned in the bath-room of her house under strict instructions from her parents to immolate herself if and when their house was stormed for loot, rape and assault. Only providence could save her. Hundreds of shops, big or small, owned by Kashmiri Pandits were plundered and looted and the owners assaulted and their shoes, turbans and blankets in the Muhta Khanian fashion removed and looted. All large scale business ventures and hotels belonging to Pandits were destroyed and portable goods broken or looted as prized booty. It was an open and unalloyed loot of the Kafirs.

Not living down their Islamic image, in fact, adding laurels to it, the Muslim storm-troopers wielding lathis, shovels, rods and sharp-edged weapons pounced in all fury on temples and idol-houses and desecrated and ravaged sixty temples and set ablaze forty temples at one go. Temple stones, pillars, bricks and planks lying in piles of ruin were conveniently looted for utilisation in private constructions. Such was the colossal collapse of government machinery. Idols of Shiva, Vishnu and various gods and goddesses of Hindu pantheon were broken or dug out from their sanctum sanctora and hurled out in visceral contempt into ditches, rivers and flowing streams. Trees intertwined with crimson red threads worshipped with absolute devotion were cruelly felled to the absolute satisfaction of marauders. All old or newly built dharamshallas attached with temples for the convenience of pilgrims were denuded of utensils, gas cylinders, dharies and carpets and all nitty-gritty and then put to flames.

Lok Bhawan of the Rajatarangini fame was transformed into a ghastly and grisly scene when Muslims converged on the site of the temple and vandalised and broke all the precious idols with axes and iron rods. The complex had three temples and two dharamshallas which were burnt and pitilessly razed to the ground. After capturing the site the entire horde of vandalisers said Namaz within the temple precincts and in all exhilaration and exuberance went out parading the village paths and roads, abusing and cursing the Pandits, lapidating their houses and breaking windows, and window-panes and to the astonishment of goddess of sanity screaming and shouting in one chorus for the loot of Kashmiri Pandit women.

As an expression of extreme hatred fresh cut head of a bull dripping blood was placed on the Shiva Linga of a temple in Bijbehera. It did not shock the secularists anywhere. Though it was reported through all channels of media.

Muslims, in fact, were replicating the mix-deeds and frenzied acts of Muslim vandals of historical ignominy and each Pandit sunk in his colossal tragedy witnessing the devilish drama of death and destruction from the open fields where they had taken refuge and cover could not but think that they had not left them so savage when they were coerced to join the ranks of neo-converts and the journey from the temple to the mosque has been shockingly devastating and incredibly brutalising.

The demon of Muslim bigotry and hatred ruling with absoluteness over one stretch of land was battened to an enormous size by spontaneous responses all over the vale of Kashmir. Revengeful acts of loot, molestation and arson were inflicted on the Pandits wherever they had been. Temples and idol-houses were torched and Pandit houses stoned and broken into, looted and plundered. Women folk were reviled and humiliated. All the horror happenings had the same contours and the same operation. Sopore as the vestibule and cesspit of Muslim bigotry and vengeflness was in the lead-role of extirpating infidelity from the land of Kashmir.

The 1986-loot was sponsored and monitored by Muslims manning levers of power. The Chief Minister, G.M. Shah and the members of his family were directly involved in the loot and plunder of Kashmiri Pandits. The Jammaat-i-Islami pockets that had found nurture and sustenance from unexpected quarters were abuzz with tremendous activity in organising and planning the parameters of loot. The hordes of Muslim rabids parading in waves upon waves belonged to the villages and hamlets where Jammaat-i-Islami cadres drenched in communal venom were in tremendous strength and wielded unrestrained sway. The Congress-I and National Conference cadres as votaries of the same brand of religious fanaticism fell in line and were as wild and ferocious as the Jammaat-i-Islami cadres could be. As was corroborated from realities on ground three villages were completely ravaged, plundered and destroyed and twenty-four villageswere partially effected and the broad impact of officially sponsored and generated loot and plunder was sensed in 764 villages and hamlets throughout the valley. Except Lok Bhawan and Fatehpur crowds on a looting and destroying spree came from outside The Muslim rebids hailing from Kaimoh, Khudwani and Arwani villages as the key centres of Jammaat-i-Islami with tremendous support from all politicals owing allegiance to secular parties were discenibly seen in lead-role to wreak havoc on Kashmiri Pandits, who were psychologically devastated and realised that fear of death was deadlier than actual death.

The Muslim frenzy was generated and mobilised by setting afloat an apochrypal and malicious rumour that the Haj pilgrims and Muslims in Jammu were put to a wholesale massacre by the Hindus. That there was a well organised effort invested to oil the rumour mill got established by the fact that every nook and cranny of the valley was abuzz with and echoed the same malicious rumour. In reality, the loot and arson was organised and executed through phone-calls to the quarters that mattered especially the law-enforcing agencies. The administration not only harboured but appeared to harbour absolute sympathies with the Muslim looters and arsonists. The violent incidents of far-reaching political import pregnant with the potential to rupture peace and public order were not as a common Police practice reported at all. No appraisals were made. No concern was shown. No responses were built and organised to meet the devastating challenges from the hydra-headed monster of Muslim communalism signalling that peace and amity was a nine days' wonder. The Divisional officers disappeared from the scene in a jiffy as a deliberate act of connivance and collaboration with the looters on rampage. None would be seen visiting the affected villages with a view to re-assuring the hapless victims to the Muslim orgy of loot and arson.

Lok Bhawan much before the horrendous loot had emerged as a flash-point when the rabid Muslims operating under government patronage profferred their untenable and malicious claims to the areas of land belonging to the shrine since ages. To maintain peace and order and prevent any attempt to further widen the gulf between the contending communities, heavy deployment was made after careful appraisal and assessment of the dimensions of the entire scenario by the top Police brass. But, strangely, the armed deployment on the trouble-spot was suddenly withdrawn at the behest of the Muslim collaborators in key positions thus granting a free rope to the marauders for perpetration of loot and destruction on the disinherited Kashmiri Pandits. Some lathi-wielding policemen practically ineffective and of no consequence to meet the highly volatile situation were seen on the spot where new records were being added to the despicable book of Muslim bigotry and garrulousness

How was it that the villages which were directly responsible for inflicting loot on the Pandits had full flow of electric supply and the villages put to the bouts of gruesome loot and arson were steeped in darkness? Akura was steeped in total darkness. So were Fatehpur and other villages that were marauded. When a brilliant Hindu officer pointed out the design behind it, lies were fabricated, alibis coined and falsehoods dished out. It was sensed as a deliberate act of preplanning on part of divisional officers to provide cover to the vengeful ghosts and apparitions to batter their way into the Hindu habitations for loot and arson. Writes Koul, "The formidable Muslim combine forgetting their political persuasions and sinking their differences started on a looting and burning spree ravaging village after village. Political affiliations did not divide their ranks and what held them together as a solid mass for a unified action was the faith of Islam sanctioning their war on infidels (Kafirs). The Kashmirian Hindus as hapless and terrorised victims to loot, plunder and arson rang up police stations but there was no response. The entire drama of destruction and loot was stage-managed by the Muslimised bureaucracy with police as its vital cog. As a matter of design, the state authority disappeared from the scene in a jiffy and law-enforcing agencies proved a party to the loot and plunder of the Hindus. It was a rehearsal of one act of the drama of death and destruction conceived and scripted by the demon of Muslim bigotry presiding over the Muslim psyche.

The Indian government pooh-poohed the developments. The Minister for Internal Security who belonged to the Nehru dynasty had his own contributions to make to the destruction and dehumanization of Pandits. The appraisal report submitted to him by L.K. Advani and Kedar Nath Sahni about the prognosis of the malicious communal developments in Kashmir with their looming threat to the security of India could not serve as his guide-lines with the result that the Kashmiri Pandits are on the cross-roads of history waiting for extinction. What was ominous that the secular parties especially Congress-I made a common cause with rabid Muslims for the loot, plunder and arson of the molecular minority of Kashmiri Pandits. Cases against the looters and arsonists were not registered under the prevalent laws. Nor were they tried and punished. Law was allowed to rust on the Statute Book and it has been so in Kashmir since 1947. The Congress provincial Chief, Mufti Mohammad Sayyid, who was openly involved in the macabre events, was not arraigned before a tribunal. He was neither arrested nor tried for punishment. Jameel Ahmad Andrabi who played a rabid role in the loot of 1986-variety was not hooked and tried under provisions of law.

The Communal aggression on the Kashmiri Pandit ethno-religious minority proved of serious dimensions. It was not only a prelude to its ethnic cleansing but paved the way for the Pandit exodus to various parts of the country. A Jammu official then posted in Anantnag made it amply clear to the Union Home Minister that it was a sinister conspiracy to push out Pandits from the valley as they were deemed as obstacles in the Islamisation process that had begun in 1947. The loot and arson of Pandit properties was the boiling point of hate -Pandit campaign built up and directed by the secessionist forces drawing sustenance and unmitigated support from all brands of Muslim politicals. The Hindustan Times date-lined July 8th, 1985 reported:

"That there was a mass exodus of the members of minority community from the state of Jammu and Kashmir to other parts of the country. This was a dangerous trend which should be stopped. There was indeed a sinister conspiracy to throw out the non-Muslims from the valley so that the designs of complete Islamisation were fulfilled."

The statement issued out to the press by the Anantnag Prabandhak Committee in the wake of the whole-sale loot of Kashmiri Pandits reads as under :

This Maha Shivratri has come to us with a train of sufferings, setbacks and a sad story of hundreds of our Hindu brethren rendered homeless in Vanpoh, Dhanove Bogund, Luk Bhavan and many other places, with at least twenty of our sacred temples burnt, damaged and desecrated. The sanctity of our homes in the listed towns and villages have been defiled by ruthless stoning and illegal trespass. This organised communal violence was aimed at annihilating this tiny community from the surface of our birth-place, Kashmir. The indifference and laxity of Administration was apparent. The manner in which this military-like operation was carried out speaks to indicate that preparations for this exercise were made in advance and then executed. The intelligence agencies reportedly had warned the government both Central and State about the Plan of the militant, anti-national and communal organisations bent on destabilizing the communal amity of the state to further their design of secession. Reportedly the Governor had informed the Central Govt. of the dangers. It is unfortunate that New Delhi kept sleeping over the matter and the inordinate delay on their part to act in time has resulted in this holocaust. To further our doubts identification of some police and civil officials who let the situation get out of hand and even helped the plunderous has been reportedly established by the Press and the Government. The indifference and apathy of other sections of the people and their attitude of passive spectators and the deep slumber of our national leaders has placed this peace-loving community on the cross-roads of history where their very Survival is at stake. The number of secular and nationalist elements in major political parties has thinned to such a low percentage that it has become an exception. However, the minority community cannot forget the protection nationalist and secular role of some of our Muslim brothers who plunged themselves headlong to save their Hindu brother's life and property. These true Muslims shall be remembered as the torch bearer's of amity and peace. The shocking incidents the details of which follow have proved beyond doubt that the minority community in Kashmir cannot take the pledges and promises of their safety and welfare for granted.

1. Anantnag - 150 houses heavily stoned and damaged. Property of one house completely looted. One hotel ransacked and damaged. One Eye clinic looted. One Medical shop looted. Main temple Devibal and Naibasti temple damaged. Cremation shed demolished.

2. Gotamnag- One main temple - cum-Dharamshala completely burnt. Old Dharamshala damaged. Pujari seriously injured.

3. Krangsu - Pelting of stones on houses.

4. Akura- Shivalla Temple ransacked. Whole Property looted. Idols looted and broken. One cow-shed burnt. One shop looted.

5. Nanil - Two Medical shops looted.

6. Thanisher(Akura) - One house burnt.

7. Ramhall - One Cowshed burnt.

8. Brakpora - One Medical shop looted.

9. Achabal - The idols desecrated. The details cannot be printed.

10. Nowgam (Kuthar) - Temple completely burnt. Houses stoned.

11. Telwani - Temple burnt.

12. Akingam - Six shops looted. One house completely ransacked. Carpet centre looted.

13. Mohripora - One temple completely burnt. One shop looted.

14. Sagam - Twenty five houses stoned and one temple stoned. One person seriously injured.

15. Batapora (Dialgam)-One temple damaged and one house burnt.

16. Fatehpora - One temple burnt. Walling and gate ransacked and one house looted.

17. Ranbirpora Kareva - Two sheds burnt.

18. Ohpaisen - Idols desecrated.

19. Nandkisore - Idols broken and desecrated.

20. Vanpoh - Two main temples burnt. One samadhi damaged. Four shops burnt and looted. One house burnt. Two rice mills damaged. Twenty -six houses completely looted.

21. Danav Bogund - Seven houses completely burnt along with their house - hold effects. Two temples burnt. One Dharmshala and Library completely damaged. All the other houses but one completely looted.

22. Chowgam- One temple looted.

23. Luk Bhavan - Three temples completely burnt and mercilessly razed to the ground. Two Dharamshalas completely burnt. One shop completely looted. One house completely burnt. Murties and precious ancient idols broken into pieces.

24. Verinag- Idols of one temple in the main parikrama of spring Nilnag damaged and looted.

25. Chandian Pajjan - Temple damaged and houses stoned.

26. Sallar - Main temple in Sallar along with ancient precious Murties destroyed. Geeta Bhawan destroyed.

27. Aishmuqam - One temple burnt.

28. Bijbehara - All the three temples looted. Idols and ancient and precious Murties broken and thrown into river. Houses stoned.

29. Gund Jaffar - One temple damaged.


30. Tral -1 Kali Temple burnt

31. Dragpura - 1 Temple burnt.


30. Baramulla - 2 temples stoned

33. Seer - 1 Temple attacked.

34. Kawpura - 2 Temples stoned.

35. Bandipur - 1 Temple attacked

36. Sopore - 2 Temples ransacked, mud thrown on idols and pictures in the temple torn.


37. Jawahar Nagar - Property of the temple burnt.

38. Karan Nagar -Temple ransackedand burnt. Some shops of Hindus were burnt in the Chotta Bazar, Karan Nagar area.

39. Ganpatyar - Temple stoned and the wall of the temple demolished.

40. Dashnami Akhara Budshah Chowk (Srinagar) -Small temple burnt, seat of Mehantji gutted in fire. Dharamshala and transport godown burnt to ashes.

41. Waskura - Property of the temple burnt.

42. Purshyar - Temple stoned.

43. Bhairav Mandir - stoned.

44. Nawgam (Badgam) - 1 Temple looted, 4 houses stoned.

45. Mazbome (Badgam) 1 House ransacked and burnt.

46. Gulgam (Kupwara ) - 1 Temple burnt.

NOTE: Districts of Badgam, Kupwara and Pulwama not yet Surveyed Fully.

The total loss of Anantnag district which is running into crores of rupees is being assessed properly. The details of loss of other districts are coming.

The history has struck the hour when we have to come together to devise a plan of our survival with dignity and honour. Kashmir has ceased to be a land of peace and amity. This community has to think about their collective survival in the context of indignity and out-rage perpetrated on our members in different towns and villages. The only solution that can sustain our community seems to point towards migration from this valley. Thus mass exodus of Kashmiri Hindus appears to be the only way of preserving our life and culture. This land has ceased to provide safety to our life and property and our continued living in this part of the country is fraught with the prospect of our total extinction.



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World Kashmiri Pandit Conference 1993 Panun Kashmir
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