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Information Digest
Volume 1
Reprint Edition March 2001

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Table of Contents

Lalla-Ded Educational Trust
Project Zaan
Information Digest - Vol. 1

Har-van

Places of Worship / Shrines

Tullamul

Known widely as Kheer Bhawani and Ragnya Asthapana, Tullamul is situated 22  Kms. north of Srinagar, in Gandherbal Tehsil. It is said that Mata Ragnya  came to  Kashmir during the times of Ramayana. The holy spring of Tullamul is situated  on the bank of  a branch of river Sindh, called, according to Nilamat Purana,  Tsandara Baga. It is approachable both by road and by river. The main temple is  in the midst of a spring, the water of which is observed to be changing its  colour. The present temple was constructed by Maharaja Partap Singh in 1912 A.D. on  the foundation of an ancient temple, said to have been destroyed in 14th or  15th century. The stone image of Devi in the temple is believed to be more than  600 years old. The annual fair is held on 8th day of the lunar fortnight of  Jestha. It is said that the present diety was installed on this day. The devotees  usually visit the Shrine on every  lunar asthami. The Shrine is  managed by Jammu  and Kashmir Dh.mp3arth Trust. Devotees visit the shrine only when on vegetarian  food.

Hari Parbat

Legend has it that Sharikadevi in the f.mp3 of Mynaka got a small pebble in her  beak from Sumeru mountain and dropped it on the demon Munda who was playing  havoc with the lives of the residents. This small pebble, it is said, grew big and  bigger and finally assumed the shape of a mount. Haer in Kashmiri being Myna,  the mount came to be known as Hari Parbat. Rishis and Munis were afraid that the  demon may appear again and disturb their Tapasya, so they entreated Goddess to  reside therefor ensuring their uninterrupted Tapasya. The Goddess, Sharika Devi  agreed and settled herself on the Mount and manifested  in the f.mp3 of  Shrichakra - and the place came to be known as Chakreshwar. Shri is the name of all  immanent Goddess and Chakra, having 6 triangles and 18 angles, representing  Shat-Dal and Ashtadash Bujas of Devi respectively. This Soymbhu manifestation of Devi  is highly venerated by all Pandits. Many gods & goddesses came to witness the  event. They stayed on the hill. Hence Hari Parbat is considered the abode of a  number of gods and goddesses to whom worship is offered.It is a practice to take  a Parikrama (circumambulation) of the whole hill, about 5 Kms. to appease all  of them in one go.

Zeethiyar

This shrine is situated towards North-West of Srinagar, between Zabarwan and  Shankracharya hill. It attracts pilgrims on every Thursday in the month of  Jyeshta. According to legend, Shiva ssumed the f.mp3 of Rudra and rescued  Jyeshta  (Parvati) from the clutches of a demon at this place. There are ruins of ancient  temples, scattered all around.

Amar Nath Cave

The cave is 13500 ft. above sea level. Here, an ice lingam is f.mp3ed in full  size on every Purnima. Annual pilgrimage takes place on Raksha Bandhan. Holy  silver mace (Charri Mubarak) is taken from Srinagar every year, followed by sadhus  and pilgrims via Pahalgam. Main stops enroute from Srinagar are Anantnaag,  Matan, Pahalgam, Chandanwari, Wavjan, Panchtarni and then the holy cave. Highest  altitude to cross is 14000 ft. high Mahagunas. Swami Vivekananda and Swami  Ramtirtha have visited it.

Shankarachrya Temple

The Shankaracharya temple is situated atop a hill 1902 mtrs. above mean sea  level, on the bank of Dal Lake in Srinagar. According to Kalhanas Rajatarangini,  it was first built by Jalauka, the son of emperor Ashoka in 200 BC. The temple  was later rebuilt by Gopaditya who reigned from 253 AD to 328 AD. Even today,  the hill is known as Gopadri and the village at its foot as Gopkar. The temple  shows the early Kashmiri style of architecture trying to introduce a Shikhar. It  rests on a solid rock and comprises an octagonal basement of 13 layers of  stone, 20 feet high, on which is supported a square building. There are two  projections on each of the four sides which t.mp3inate in pediment and a glable. The  general appearance of the temple is that of a cone with four sides f.mp3ed by the  rectangular adjustment of eight gable shaped slabs of masonry. The 25 feet high  cone rests upon an octagonal raised platf.mp3 about 100 feet in circumference.  The temple commands a grand panoramic view of the Dal Lake and the Srinagar  city.

From the base of the temple, there are 41 Devri stone steps leading to the  sanctum sanctorum which is 14 feet in diameter. A huge Shiva Lingum is at the  centre and at the back of the Lingam, is an image of Adi Shankaracharya, installed  in the year 1961 by Shankaracharya of Dwarika Peeth.

Jawalaji

Jawalaji, the Goddess of Fire is another popular Ishtadevi of Pandits. Situated  in the small village of Khrew, about 20 Kms. away from Srinagar, Jawalaji is  venerated as one more aspect of the Shakti. The Shrine, constructed by Dr. Bal  Krishen in the eighteenth century, is perched on the top of a 200 feet high  hillock approachable by flight of 360 Devri stone steps with more than a dozen  landings. The octagonal shaped temple rests on an 18 feet high base. The sanctum  sanctorum is an 8 feet x 8 feet square shaped structure. A six feet high,  black  stone image is placed here.  It is said that the image turned black due to the  occasional flames which sparked here from time to time. The flame is said to  have been 2 feet high and was alight for about half an hour, when  last seen in  the year 1962. A fair is held on the 14th bright fortnight of Ashada (June-July)  every year. An offering of Tahar (yellow rice) and Sheeshanor (lambs lung) are  offered to the Devi and later served as Prasad.

Ishber

It is situated on Nishat-Shalimar road, about 12 kms. from Srinagar. Renowned  as the seat of Maa Durga, it has attracted men of spiritual quest from times  immemorial. Great many saints and sages have spent their lives here in quest of  truth. Till recent times, it was the ashram of great saint-philosopher Swami  Lakshman Ji, an authority on Shaivism. Pilgrims assemble at Gupt Ganga on the  Baisakhi day as well as on other religious days. A shrine dedicated to Maa Durga is  situated 3000 feet ahead on the hill slopes.
 
 

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